Common Abbreviations & Citation Forms

A. Abbreviations

The following are common abbreviations that should be used when citing treaty sources. For more information, consult the Bluebook.

United States Treaties and Other International Agreements: x U.S.T. xxx

Treaties and Other International Acts Series (beginning with TIAS 1500 in 1946, and continuing to the present): T.I.A.S. No. x

Hein’s United States Treaties and Other International Agreements: Hein’s No. KAV xxx

Statutes at Large: x Stat. xxx

Treaty Series (superseded by the TIAS in 1945): T.S. No. x

Executive Agreement Series (issued by the Department of State from 1929-1945): E.A.S. No. x

Senate Treaty Documents: S. Treaty Doc. No. x

Senate Executive Documents: S. Exec. Doc. No. x

United Nations Treaty Series: x U.N.T.S. xxx

League of Nations Treaty Series: x L.N.T.S. xxx

Table T.10 of the Bluebook, beginning on page 293, lists the abbreviations for country names, to be used when citing treaties and other international materials. Consult this list when creating citations to treaties.

B. Citation Forms

The following should serve as a basic guide in citation of treaties and other international agreements. For more detailed information, consult the Bluebook, Rules 20.1-20.4.5, pages 140-144.

Basic Citation of a Treaty or International Agreement:

Citation Examples:

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